text – How to find android TextView number of characters per line?-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

So I have a TextView in android that has the width of the whole length of the screen and a padding of dip 5. How can I calculate the number of characters that will fit a single line on the screen? I guess in other words, I’m trying to get the number of columns of a textview?

I considered manual calculation depending on textsize and width, but 1) don’t know the correlation and 2) due to the padding in the units of dip, different screens will use different number of actual pixels to pad.

Overall Question: I am trying to use this to solve: if given a string how can I manually edit to string such that when the textview prints the string character by character, I will know when to start a word that won’t fit on one line on the next. Note: I know that textview automatically puts words that won’t fit onto the next line, however, since I’m printing character by character, like typing animation, textview doesn’t know the word won’t fit until it prints out the overflowing characters of that word.

Been searching everywhere for this…

Thanks!

Added solutions:

one possible solution:

public String measure2 (TextView t, String s) {
    String u = "";
    int start = 0;
    int end = 1;
    int space = 0;
    boolean ellipsized = false;
    float fwidth = t.getMeasuredWidth();
    for(;;) {
        //t.setText(s.substring(start, end));
        float twidth = t.getPaint().measureText(s.substring(start, end));
        if (twidth < fwidth){
            if (end < s.length())
                end++;
            else {
                if (!ellipsized)
                    return s;
                return u + s.subSequence(start, end);
            }
        }
        else {
            ellipsized = true;
            space = (u + s.substring(start, end)).lastIndexOf(" ");
            if (space == -1)
                space = end - 1;
            u += s.subSequence(start, space) + "\n";
            start = space + 1;
            end = start + 1;
        }
    }
}

solution 2, but still uses solution1 sometimes:

public String measure3 (TextView t, String s) {
    List<String> wlist = Arrays.asList(s.split(" "));
    if (wlist.size() == 1)
        return measure2(t, s);
    String u = "";
    int end = 1;
    float fwidth = t.getMeasuredWidth();
    for(;;) {
        //t.setText(s.substring(start, end));
        if (wlist.isEmpty())
            return u;
        String temp = listStr(wlist, end);
        float twidth = t.getPaint().measureText(temp);
        if (twidth < fwidth){
            if (end < wlist.size())
                end++;
            else {
                return u + temp;
            }
        }
        else {
            temp = listStr(wlist, end-1);
            if (end == 1)
                temp = measure2(t, temp);
            if (wlist.isEmpty())
                return u + temp;
            else
                u = u + temp + "\n";
            wlist = wlist.subList(end - 1, wlist.size());
            end = 1;
        }
    }
}

public String listStr (List<String> arr, int end) {
    String s = "";
    for (String e : arr.subList(0, end) ){
        s = s + e + " ";
    }
    return s.trim();
}

I used the above code to generate off a original string s, a string u that would be printed. However, I think this approach is very inefficient. Is there another approach or a better algorithm? Note: there are some errors in measure3 that I fixed, but was too lazy to edit

How to solve:

Try this:

private boolean isTooLarge (TextView text, String newText) {
    float textWidth = text.getPaint().measureText(newText);
    return (textWidth >= text.getMeasuredWidth ());
}

Detecting how many characters fit will be impossible due to the variable width of the characters. The above function will test if a particular string will fit or not in the TextView. The content of newText should be all the characters in a particular line. If true, then start a new line (and using a new string to pass as parameter).


Answer to the comment:

  1. because the app can be run in many systems is exactly why you need to measure it.
  2. This is a way to solve your “overall question”. What is the difference between using str.size()>numCol vs is too large? You will need to implement your animation (hint #1: insert a newline character)
  3. as I said before when you start a new line, you start a new string (hint #2: if you extend TextView, you can implement all this in overriding setText). (hint #3: Keep track of the lines created with a static int lines; and use newString.split("\\r?\\n")[lines-1] to check for length).

###

You can get total line of Textview and get string for each characters by below code.Then you can set style to each line whichever you want.

I set first line bold.

private void setLayoutListner( final TextView textView ) {
        textView.getViewTreeObserver().addOnGlobalLayoutListener(new ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener() {
            @Override
            public void onGlobalLayout() {
                textView.getViewTreeObserver().removeGlobalOnLayoutListener(this);

                final Layout layout = textView.getLayout();

                // Loop over all the lines and do whatever you need with
                // the width of the line
                for (int i = 0; i < layout.getLineCount(); i++) {
                    int end = layout.getLineEnd(0);
                    SpannableString content = new SpannableString( textView.getText().toString() );
                    content.setSpan(new StyleSpan(android.graphics.Typeface.BOLD), 0, end, 0);
                    content.setSpan(new StyleSpan(android.graphics.Typeface.NORMAL), end, content.length(), 0);
                    textView.setText( content );
                }
            }
        });
    }

Try this way.You can apply multiple style this way.

###

I had the same issue and I calculated the number characters per line by 2 steps:
Step 1: Calculate the number of lines

 val widthOfTvComment = widthOfScreen - marginLeft - marginRight
 var bounds  = Rect()
 var paint = Paint()
 paint.textSize = textSize
 paint.getTextBounds(comment,0,comment.length,bounds)

val lines = ( bounds.width()/widthOfTvComment)

Step 2: Calculated the number characters per line

val charactersPerLine = comment.length / lines

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