uri – Android notification setSound is not working-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

In my hybrid Cordova Android app targeting API 23+ I want to use a custom sound for notifications. To that end I have done the following

  • In plugin.xml file for the single custom plugin I use in the app I declare <resource-file src="src/android/res/unysound.mp3" target="res/raw/mysound.mp3" />'.

Opening the APK as a zip archive I see that the mp3 file has in fact ended up in `res/raw/mysound.mp3′.
– When building the notification I do the following

    Notification notification = new Notification.Builder(context)
    .setDefaults(0) //turns off ALL defaults
    .setVibrate(vibrate)  /sets to vibrate
    ....
    .setSound(uri).build();

where

Uri uri = Uri.parse("android.resource://" + ctxt.getPackageName() + "/raw/mysound.mp3");

This appears to be the recipe indicated in a number of articles I find on a spot of googling and even in other threads on SO. And yet, when I issue a notification I do not hear the expected sound. What might I be doing wrong?


The answer below does not help since in the context of my hybrid Cordova app with a custom plugin attempting to build the APK throws up an error along the lines of class R not known/found...

How to solve:

below code will help you:

 String CHANNEL_ID="1234";

    Uri soundUri = Uri.parse(ContentResolver.SCHEME_ANDROID_RESOURCE + "://"+ getApplicationContext().getPackageName() + "/" + R.raw.mysound);
    NotificationManager mNotificationManager = (NotificationManager) getApplicationContext().getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE); 

  //For API 26+ you need to put some additional code like below:
    NotificationChannel mChannel;
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.O) {
                mChannel = new NotificationChannel(CHANNEL_ID, Utils.CHANNEL_NAME, NotificationManager.IMPORTANCE_HIGH);
                mChannel.setLightColor(Color.GRAY);
                mChannel.enableLights(true);
                mChannel.setDescription(Utils.CHANNEL_SIREN_DESCRIPTION);
                AudioAttributes audioAttributes = new AudioAttributes.Builder()
                        .setContentType(AudioAttributes.CONTENT_TYPE_SONIFICATION)
                        .setUsage(AudioAttributes.USAGE_NOTIFICATION)
                        .build();
                mChannel.setSound(soundUri, audioAttributes);

                if (mNotificationManager != null) {
                    mNotificationManager.createNotificationChannel( mChannel );
                }
        }

   //General code:
     NotificationCompat.Builder status = new NotificationCompat.Builder(getApplicationContext(),CHANNEL_ID);     
                          status.setAutoCancel(true)
                                .setWhen(System.currentTimeMillis())
                                .setSmallIcon(R.drawable.logo)
                                //.setOnlyAlertOnce(true)
                                .setContentTitle(getString(R.string.app_name))
                                .setContentText(messageBody)
                                .setVibrate(new long[]{0, 500, 1000})
                                .setDefaults(Notification.DEFAULT_LIGHTS )
                                .setSound(Uri.parse(ContentResolver.SCHEME_ANDROID_RESOURCE+ "://" +mContext.getPackageName()+"/"+R.raw.apple_ring))
                                .setContentIntent(pendingIntent)
                                .setContent(views);

                        mNotificationManager.notify(major_id, status.build());

where mysound is my ringtone which is put under res/raw folder.

Note: you have to only put name of ringtone without extension like raw/mysound

###

For API 26+ you need to set the sound on the notification channel:

Uri soundUri = Uri.parse(ContentResolver.SCHEME_ANDROID_RESOURCE + "://"+ getApplicationContext().getPackageName() + "/" + R.raw.siren);
NotificationManager mNotificationManager = (NotificationManager) getApplicationContext().getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);
    NotificationChannel mChannel;
    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.O) {
            mChannel = new NotificationChannel(Utils.CHANNEL_SIREN_ID, Utils.CHANNEL_SIREN_NAME, NotificationManager.IMPORTANCE_HIGH);
            mChannel.setLightColor(Color.GRAY);
            mChannel.enableLights(true);
            mChannel.setDescription(Utils.CHANNEL_SIREN_DESCRIPTION);
            AudioAttributes audioAttributes = new AudioAttributes.Builder()
                    .setContentType(AudioAttributes.CONTENT_TYPE_SONIFICATION)
                    .setUsage(AudioAttributes.USAGE_NOTIFICATION)
                    .build();
            mChannel.setSound(soundUri, audioAttributes);

            if (mNotificationManager != null) {
                mNotificationManager.createNotificationChannel( mChannel );
            }
    }

    NotificationCompat.Builder mBuilder = new NotificationCompat.Builder(this, Utils.CHANNEL_SIREN_ID)
            .setSmallIcon(R.drawable.ic_stat_maps_local_library)
            .setLargeIcon(BitmapFactory.decodeResource(getApplicationContext().getResources(), R.mipmap.ic_launcher))
            .setTicker(title)
            .setContentTitle(contentTitle)
            .setContentText(contentText)
            .setAutoCancel(true)
            .setLights(0xff0000ff, 300, 1000) // blue color
            .setWhen(System.currentTimeMillis())
            .setPriority(NotificationCompat.PRIORITY_DEFAULT);

    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < Build.VERSION_CODES.O) {
            mBuilder.setSound(soundUri);
    }

    int NOTIFICATION_ID = 1; // Causes to update the same notification over and over again.
    if (mNotificationManager != null) {
        mNotificationManager.notify(NOTIFICATION_ID, mBuilder.build());
    }

###

  1. Try clearing data (or fresh install)
  2. Trying this again

The settings are set the first time you create the channel and then not modified unless you do it manually by fresh install or clearing data.

For more info on this read the top answer here:
Android Oreo notification keep making Sound even if I do not set sound. On Older version, works perfectly

###

you can call this method while handling notification

    public void playNotificationSound() {
    try {
        Uri alarmSound = Uri.parse(ContentResolver.SCHEME_ANDROID_RESOURCE
                + "://" + mContext.getPackageName() + "/raw/notification");
        Ringtone r = RingtoneManager.getRingtone(mContext, alarmSound);
        r.play();
    } catch (Exception e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
}

###

 Notification.Builder builder = new Notification.Builder(context);
    builder.setContentTitle(mTitle);
    builder.setContentText(mContentText);
    builder.setSmallIcon(R.mipmap.ic_launcher);

    builder.setSound(Settings.System.DEFAULT_NOTIFICATION_URI);
    builder.setVibrate(new long[] { 1000, 1000, 1000, 1000, 1000 });
    builder.setDefaults(Notification.DEFAULT_ALL);

Use this to work with sound, I hope it will solve your problem, Cheers!

###

Use this for setting sound

Uri defaultSoundUri = Uri.parse(ContentResolver.SCHEME_ANDROID_RESOURCE + "://" + mContext.getPackageName() + "/raw/mysound");


NotificationCompat.Builder mBuilder =
                new NotificationCompat.Builder(mContext)
                        .setContentIntent(mainPIntent)
                        .setSmallIcon(R.mipmap.ic_launcher)
                        .setLargeIcon(BitmapFactory.decodeResource(mContext.getResources(), R.mipmap.ic_launcher))
                        .setContentTitle("" + title)
                        .setAutoCancel(true)
                        .setSound(defaultSoundUri)
                        .setContentText("" + body);

        NotificationManager mNotificationManager =
                (NotificationManager) mContext.getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);
        mNotificationManager.notify(title, NOTIFICATION_ID, mBuilder.build());

###

You are accessing the sound in a subfolder in the resources

change the source of your uri to

Uri uri = Uri.parse("android.resource://" + context.getPackageName() + "/" + R.raw.siren);

For the default sound, use:

notification.defaults |= Notification.DEFAULT_SOUND;

###

I am not sure but i think issue is that you are doing the wrong way "/raw/mysound.mp3 :

Uri uri = Uri.parse("android.resource://" + ctxt.getPackageName() + "/raw/mysound.mp3");

First add the permission in manifest : uses-permission android:name="android.permission.VIBRATE" />
then you can set the default sound like :-

Uri alarmSound = RingtoneManager.getDefaultUri(RingtoneManager.TYPE_NOTIFICATION);
mBuilder.setSound(alarmSound);

and for vibration:

mBuilder.setVibrate(new long[] { 1000, 1000});

for custom sound, put mp3 file on this path:Res\raw\sound.mp3
and then

Notification notification = builder.build();
 notification.sound = Uri.parse("android.resource://"
        + context.getPackageName() + "/" + R.raw.sound);

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